Aluminum Alloys Types| Grades| Trends: 6061 T6 Series

Aluminum is the second most valuable metal in the world of commerce after steel. Aluminum is the third-most abundant metal in the Earth’s crust. The strength of pure aluminum is not very high. All alloys have densities between 99.65 and 99.99 percent, or about 2.7 g/mL, which is one-third of steel.

Also read: Top 15 High Pressure Die Casting Parts Suppliers In USA

Emerging Trends in Aluminum Alloy Development

New trends in aluminum alloys

1. High-performance alloys:

2. Additive manufacturing (AM):

3. Sustainability:

What Are the Aluminum Alloys?

Aluminum is a pure material. Aluminum alloys are formed by combining aluminum with other elements, typically copper, magnesium, silicon, manganese, zinc, and sometimes tin, nickel, or lithium. Generally, aluminum alloys fall into the following categories:

  1. Wrought Alloys
  2. Casting Alloys

We shall discuss these types in detail further such as heat treatable and non-heat-treatable.

What is the density of aluminum?

The density of pure aluminum is 2.70 g/cm³ or 2700 kg/m³. The density of aluminum alloys falls within the range of 2.64 g/cm³ to 2.81 g/cm³.

Currently, many different aluminum alloys are used in many different manufacturing and technology fields, such as:

  • Infrastructure
  • Automotive
  • Aerospace
  • Transportation
  • Construction

According to Vadim S and Nikolai’s book on “Casting Aluminum Alloys”, shape castings account for up to 20-30% of all aluminum products produced worldwide. Many businesses, like General Motors, Ford, and many others, specialize in end products or materials other than aluminum and also produce aluminum casting.

10 Most Common Aluminum Engineering Use & Properties

Alloy DesignationMajor Alloying Elements
1000 series 1060Pure aluminum (99.6% minimum)
1100Pure aluminum (99% minimum)
2000 series 2024Copper, magnesium
3000 series 3003Manganese
5000 series 5052Magnesium
6061 t6 aluminumMagnesium, silicon
7075 aluminumZinc, magnesium, copper
6000 series alloy 6063 aluminumMagnesium, silicon
7000 series 7050Zinc, magnesium
5083Magnesium, manganese

Types of Aluminum Series Alloys

types aluminum alloy

There are three main different types of aluminum alloys:

  • Wrought heat-treatable
  • Wrought non-heat treatable
  • Casting alloys

Wrought Aluminum Alloys: Heat Sensitivity Consideration

This group has alloys and wrought alloys with high-quality aluminum in the 1000, 3000, and 5000 series. Generally, the cold working method is used to harden these wrought, non-heat-treatable aluminum alloys.

Also Read: Best Aluminum For Die Casting

Wrought Aluminum Alloys: Heat-Treatable

Heat-treatable wrought aluminum alloys primarily comprise copper alloys, magnesium, or zinc. These types of alloys belong to the 2000, 6000, and 7000 series. These aluminum alloys can undergo precipitation hardening. Cast and wrought aluminum alloys develop a high level of strength.

Aluminum Alloy for Casting Grades

This category has heat-treatable and non-heat-treatable alloys. The most common aluminum alloys for casting are 2000, 3000, 4000, 7000, and 8000. These casting alloys have lower strength qualities than wrought heat-treatable alloys.

Aluminum Alloy 1000 Series 

Aluminum alloy 1000 series

1000 series is known as non-heat treatable aluminum alloys. These alloys have a 99% aluminum content. The major alloying elements are Fe and Si. These give the alloys more strength. 1000 alloys have low tensile strength due to the higher aluminum alloy composition percentage. These alloys have poor mechanical properties.

Also Read: Die Casting Metal Comparison

Following are some basic characteristics of these alloys.

  • These alloys are excellent in corrosive resistance
  • Have high electrical conductivity
  • Have low tensile strength (nearly 10 to 27 KSi)
  • Low yield stress (only 7-11 MPa).
  • Excellent formability and workability properties
  • These alloys are excellent for reflective and decorative purposes.

Aluminum 1050A Alloy

Aluminum alloy chemical properties in %-

  • Al-99.5,
  • Fe-0.40,
  • Si- 0.25,
  • Rest other elements (Cu, Mn, and Mg)

Physical Properties of Aluminum Alloys 1050A

Density2.71 g/cm3
Melting Point650°C
Modulus of Elasticity71 GPa
Thermal Conductivity222 W/m. K
Thermal Expansion24×10-6 /K 


  • Low mechanical properties
  • Resistance to atmospheric corrosion
  • Excellent workability and corrosive resistance
  • High ductility and reflective finish
  • Suitable for decorative purposes

Application of Aluminum 1050A

  • Best for packaging such as foils, containers, etc.
  • Used in chemical and food industry equipment
  • Used as heat exchanger

Aluminum 1060 Alloy  Series

Aluminum alloy composition in %-

  • Al-99.6,
  • Fe-0.35,
  • Si- 0.25,
  • Rest other elements (Cu, Mn, Mg, Cr, Zn, Ti)

Physical Properties Of 1060 Alloy

Density2.71 g/cm3
Melting Point648°C
Modulus of Elasticity70-80 GPa
Thermal Conductivity234 W/mK
Thermal Expansion23.6×10-6 /K


  • are slightly stronger than 1050
  • Cold working characteristics are excellent
  • Excellent welding characteristics
  • Elastic moduli are high
  • Forging can be done in the range of 950-700 F.


  • Good for chemical equipment
  • Aluminum 1060 is mainly used for the manufacturing of railroad tank cars.

Aluminum 1200 Alloy

Aluminum alloy composition in %-

  • Al≥ 99
  • Fe + Si≤ 1
  • Rest other elements (Cu, Mn, Zn, and Ti)

Also read: Aluminum die cast tooling

Physical Properties of 1200 Alloy

Density2.70 g/cm3
Melting Point650°C
Tensile Strength70-105 MPa
Thermal Conductivity222 W/m.K
Thermal Expansion24×10-6 /K


  • Have high thermal conductivity and reflectivity
  • These alloys have strength slightly higher than 1050 and 1060
  • Have excellent welding ability


  • Used in food industries in making their equipment
  • Alloy 1200 is used in construction and roofing
  • Used as conductive material
  • Bottle caps

Aluminum Alloy 2000 Series

aluminum alloy 2000 series

These alloys are heat-treatable. Generally, these are the alloys of aluminum and copper. With the addition of copper (0.7-6.8%), these alloys strengthened their temperature range. However, these alloys are not the best aluminum alloys for welding purposes because of stress corrosion.

2000 series have alloys like 2007, 2011, 2014, 2017A, 2024, and 2030.

Aluminum 2007 alloy

Aluminum alloy composition in %-

  • Al-90-94,
  • Cu-4.0,
  • Pb-1.2,
  • Mg-1.1,
  • Mn-0.8,
  • Rest other elements (Cr, Ti, and Sn)

Physical Properties Of 2007 Alloy

Density2.82 g/cm3
Melting Point500°C
Modulus of Elasticity73-74 GPa
Thermal Conductivity130-160 W/m.K
Thermal Expansion23×10-6/K


  • The machining properties of these alloys are excellent
  • Excellent when cutting speed is high
  • These alloys have high strength
  • These alloys have poor resistance to corrosion when exposed to the atmosphere


  • Good in various machinery products
  • Used for screw products such as screws, bolts, nuts, etc.

Aluminum 2011 Alloy

Aluminum alloy composition in %-

  • Cu 5.0-6.0
  • Fe-0.7
  • Si-0.4
  • Pb 0.2-0.6
  • Bi 0.2-0.6
  • Zn-0.3
  • others-0.15

Physical Properties Of 2011 Alloy

Density2.82 g/cm3
Melting Point535°C
Modulus of Elasticity71 Gpa
Thermal Conductivity138-140 W/m.K
Tensile Strength365-395 MPa


  • These alloys have excellent machining properties
  • These alloys have high strength but are lower than 2007 and 2030
  • Fatigue strength of these alloys is high
  • Their corrosive resistance is relatively poor for outside application
  • These alloys are poor in arc and gas welding


  • Good for lathe products
  • For high-strength applications such as the automotive industry

Aluminum 2014 Alloy Series

Aluminum alloy composition in %-

  • Al-93.5
  • Cu-4.4
  • Si-0.8
  • Mg-0.5
  • Mn-0.6
  • Cr ≤ 0.1

Physical Properties of 2014 Alloy.

Density2.8 g/cm3
Melting Point510°C
Modulus of Elasticity70-80 GPa
Thermal Conductivity192 W/m.K
Thermal Expansion23×10-6/K


  • Strength slightly higher than 2011
  • These alloys are good for arc welding
  • These alloys have excellent Machinability under annealed condition
  • These alloys are used for forging between 399-455 C


  • To manufacture aircraft structures and truck frames
  • Military vehicles
  • Screw products such as screws, bolts, nuts, etc.
  • Manufacturing of vehicles

Aluminum alloy 2017A

Aluminum alloy composition in %-

  • Al 91.5-95.5
  • Cu 3.5-4.5
  • Fe-0.7 max
  • Mn 0.4-1
  • Mg 0.4-0.8
  • Zn-0.25 max
  • Tin-0.15
  • Rest of elements-0.2

Physical Properties Of 2017 Alloy

Density2.79 g/cm3
Melting Point513-645°C
Modulus of Elasticity72 GPa
Tensile Strength179 MPa
Thermal Conductivity193 W/m.K


  • These alloys are good for resistance and inert gas welding
  • Formability under annealed condition
  • These alloys have excellent mechanical and fatigue strength
  • These alloys have poor resistance to corrosion


  • Rivets and Fasteners Aircraft components
  • Manufacturing of coat hangers
  • Various military equipment

Aluminum Alloy 2024

Aluminum alloy composition in %-

  • Cu 3.8-4.9
  • Mg 1.2-1.8
  • Si-0.5
  • Fe-0.5
  • Mn 0.3-0.9
  • Zn-0.25
  • Ti-0.15
  • Cr0.10

Physical Properties Of 2024 Alloy

Density2.78 g/cm3
Melting Point500°C
Tensile Strength469 MPa
Modulus of Elasticity73 Gpa
Thermal Conductivity121 W/m.K


  • Good for forming and machining
  • High fatigue strength
  • Suitable for friction welding only


  • These alloys are mainly used for aircraft structures, especially wings
  • Truck wheels and rivets
  • Military equipment

Aluminum Alloy 2030

Aluminum alloy composition in %-

  • Cu 3.3-4.5
  • Mg 0.5-1.3
  • Mn 0.2-1.0
  • Pb 0.8-1.5
  • Si-0.8
  • Fe-0.7
  • Zn-0.5
  • Ti0.2
  • Cr-0.10

Physical and Chemical Properties of 2030 Alloy

Density2.82 g/cm3
Melting Point505°C
Modulus of Elasticity70-75 Gpa
Thermal Conductivity130-160 W/m.K
Thermal Expansion22.5×10-6/K


  • These alloys have an attractive appearance and high reflectivity
  • Good welding ability
  • Good resistance to corrosion when exposed to the atmosphere
  • Excellent thermal and electrical conductivity


  • These alloys are used for packaging such as foils and containers
  • These alloys are used for kitchenware and food industry equipment
  • Light reflectors and piping

Series Aluminum Alloy 3000

aluminum alloy 3000 series

The main alloying element in the 3000 series is manganese. Manganese improves the formability and ductility of the alloy. These alloys have different mechanical characteristics. These alloys have an average strength.

3000 series alloys cannot be heat treated. They have lower tensile strength than the 2000 series. These are the strongest aluminum alloys for roll forming, drawing, and pressing due to their exceptional formability. These alloys have a low thermal conductivity. They are excellent for power plants and the automotive sector.

The 3000 series has alloys like 3003 and 3004.

Aluminum Alloy 3003

Aluminum alloy composition in %-

  • Al-98.6,
  • Mn-1.2,
  • Cu-0.12

 Physical Properties Of 3003 Alloy

Density2.73 g/cm3
Melting Point644°C
Modulus of Elasticity70-80 Gpa
Thermal Conductivity162 W/m.K
Thermal Expansion23.2×10-6/K


  • Aluminum 3003 has good machinability
  • Superior mechanical properties as compared to 1000 alloys
  • 3003 can only be hardened by cold working
  • Obtained using conventional hot and cold working methods
  • Hot worked between 258 and 515 oC.
  • Forging can be done between 258 and 515 oC.


  • Manufacturing of utensils and pressure vessels
  • Employed as heat exchangers
  • Used in duct wire and chemical equipment
  • Used as radiators in vehicles
  • Used for sheet metal work
  • Find applications in gasoline and storage tanks

Aluminum Alloy 3004

Aluminum alloy composition in %-

  • Al-97.8
  • Mn-1.2
  • Mg-1

Physical Properties Of 3004 Alloy

Density2.6-2.8 g/cm3
Melting Point633°C
Modulus of Elasticity70-80 Gpa
Tensile Strength215 MPa
Thermal Conductivity162 W/m.K


  • Strength and formability can be enhanced using strain-hardening
  • 3004 alloys can be welded using TIG and MIG welding
  • Can be hardened by cold working
  • Can be hot worked between 260 to 485oC
  • Good corrosive resistance
  • Forged between 370 to 510oC


  • Used in aerospace
  • Sheet metal work
  • Used for the manufacturing of storage tanks
  • Used in packaging

Aluminum Alloy 4000 Series

aluminum alloy 4000 series

Aluminum 4000 alloys have improved mechanical properties due to heat. The main element in the aluminum 4000 series is silicon. These aluminum alloys have less flexibility by nature. These alloys have vast casting applications because they have low ductility and good stiffness. These alloys have tensile strengths ranging from 25 to 55 KSi.

Silicon in these alloys can promote fluidity and decrease ductility. There are many other elements present in these alloys, like nickel, calcium, and phosphorus. Phosphorous can enhance machinability, and calcium with silicon can enhance conductivity.

Nickel can improve alloy’s strength and hardness. These alloys are also used in automotive welding as filler alloys.

The aluminum 4000 series has common alloys, like 4032 and 4043.

Aluminum Alloy 4032

Aluminum alloy composition in %-

  • Al-85,
  • Si-12.2,
  • Mg-1.0,
  • Cu-0.9,
  • Ni-0.9

Physical Properties Of 4032 Alloy

Density2.69 g/cm3
Tensile Strength380 MPa
Elastic Modulus70-80 GPa
Thermal Expansion19.4×10-6/K


  • Excellent drilling characteristics
  • Machinability is good
  • Good for inert gas arc welding


  • Used for manufacturing pistons
  • Bearing and Hydraulic application
  • Transmission valves

Aluminum Alloy 4043

Aluminum alloy composition in %-

  • Al-94.8
  • Si-5.20

Physical Properties Of 4043 Alloy

Density2.6-2.9 g/cm3
Tensile Strength150 MPa
Modulus of Elasticity70-80 GPa
Thermal Conductivity163 W/m.K
Thermal Expansion22.1×10-6/K


  • Good flow characteristics.
  • Most widely used as filler alloy.
  • Good corrosive resistance.
  • Good for brazing and fusion welding.


  • Used in refrigerator cooling circulation systems.
  • Used as weld wires.
  • For the manufacturing of truck trailers and bicycles.

Aluminum 5000 Series 

aluminum alloy 5000 series

The aluminum 5000 series has Al-Mg alloys. They have excellent corrosion resistance, even in salt water. These alloys show great toughness even at cryogenic temperatures close to absolute zero. 5000 alloys have vast applications in construction, transportation, cryogenic tankage and systems, and marine sectors.

The aluminum 5000 series has common alloys, like 5052.

Aluminum Alloy 5052

Aluminum alloy composition in %-

  • Al 95.7 – 97.7
  • Cr 0.15 – 0.35
  • Mg 2.2 – 2.8

Physical Properties of Alloys 5052

Density2.68 g/cc
Melting Point607.2 – 649 °C
Tensile Strength193 MPa
Modulus of Elasticity70.3 GPa
Thermal Conductivity138 W/m-K


  • Decorative Finish
  • Anti-Static
  • Hard Wearing
  • Low Maintenance
  • Non-Slip
  • Light-weight
  • Corrosion Resistant


  • Treadplate
  • Road Signs
  • Boiler making
  • Architectural Paneling
  • Containers
  • Chemical Industry

Aluminum 8000 Alloy Series 

aluminum alloy 8000 series

The aluminum 8000 series are newly created aluminum casting alloys. These alloys contain Li and Sn. 8000 series alloys are designed to fulfill different purposes.

The amount of copper content in the aluminum 8000 series is between 1.2% and 2%, and the magnesium content varies from 2% to 10%. These materials increase the strength and toughness of this Aluminum 8000 Series. These materials also help the alloys maintain their best mechanical qualities under hot conditions.

Some of the common alloys in the 8000 series are: 8011, 8021, 8079, and 8006

Aluminum Alloy 8011

Aluminum alloy composition in %-

  • Al: – 97.3 – 98.9
  • Fe: – 0.60 – 1
  • Si: – 0.50 – 0.90
  • Mn: -≤ 0.20

Physical Properties of Alloy 8011        

Density2.71 g/cm³
Melting Point650°C
Tensile Strength100 to 180 MPa
Modulus of Elasticity69 GPa
Thermal Conductivity237 W/mk


  • High thermal conductivity
  • Low weight
  • Extremely resistant to deformation in the soft state
  • Low density
  • Non-toxic content
  • Corrosion-resistant


  • Sealing packing of cosmetic bottles,
  • Air conditioning aluminum foil
  • Beverage bottles


aluminum die casting company

Which is the best aluminum alloy in die casting? At Castingod, being the number one high pressure aluminum die casting manufacturer for die casting parts, we can make custom parts with aluminum in bulk.


Is aluminum an alloy?

No, aluminum is a pure element on the periodic table with the symbol Al. Most available aluminum products are aluminum alloys. By combining aluminum with copper, magnesium, or silicon, manufacturers can customize its properties.

How to get aluminum alloy in astroneer?

In Astroneer, aluminum alloy is a composite resource. Here’s how to get it:

Materials needed:

  • 1 Aluminum:
    • Obtained by smelting Laterite.
  • 1 Copper:
    • Mine Malachite and smelt it to get copper.

How to make aluminum alloy in astroneer?


  1. Build a Chemistry Lab: This is where you’ll craft the aluminum alloy.
  2. Place the required materials in the Chemistry Lab: You need one aluminum and one copper in the input slots.
  3. Craft the aluminum alloy: Interact with the Chemistry Lab to start the crafting process. 

Is aluminum alloy strong?

The strength of an aluminum alloy depends on the following factors:

  1. Alloy type such as 2024, 7075, and 6061 are considered one of the strongest aluminum alloys.
  2. Heat treatment
  3. Manufacturing process

Comparison of tensile strength for different materials:

  • Pure aluminum: 8-12 ksi (55-83 MPa)
  • Aluminum alloy 6061: 35-45 ksi (241-310 MPa)
  • Aluminum alloy 7075: 50-70 ksi (345-483 MPa)
  • Low-carbon steel: 25-50 ksi (172-345 MPa)

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